French battleship Dunkerque - Wikipedia. France was allowed to replace two The class also included Strasbourg. Their rear plates varied between the turrets and between the ships, and were heavy to balance the weight of the guns. Steering was controlled by a single rudder; the rudder had a range of train from 0 to 32 degrees from the centreline, but had a tendency to jam when turned further than 25 degrees. But the advent of the powerful German Deutschland-class cruisers proved to be more threatening to French interests, prompting the need for larger and more heavily armed and armoured vessels. Het was bewapend met acht kanonnen van 330 mm en zestien van 130 mm. During the more than 70 years since its sinking, various attempts have been made by shipwreck hunters to locate the wreck of the Japanese battleship but none of them succeeded. Trentos, was inadequate against the old Italian battleships, however. A classic gunbattle takes place, and is photograhed by a journalist on the merchant ship, who goes over the to Dunkerque before it begins. With war looming in August 1939, the French created the Force de Raid (Raiding Force), centred on the two Dunkerques, which was tasked with hunting down the Deutschlands that were expected to operate in the Atlantic as commerce raiders. Saved by Ryszard Burza. [31], The British government, incorrectly fearing that the Germans intended to seize the French fleet and employ it against Britain, embarked on a campaign to neutralise the vessels. After the start of World War II, the 12 m rangefinder for the forward main battery director was replaced with a 14 m (45 ft 11 in) version aboard Dunkerque, while Strasbourg did not receive an updated rangefinder. During another refit from January to April 1942, Strasbourg's forward 37 mm mounts were moved from her forecastle to the weather deck, as they were on Dunkerque, and she received an air-search radar set with four antennae. Escorted by four destroyers, she avoided the British fleet and escaped to Toulon. Both ships' secondary turrets had 135 mm (5.3 in) faces, 90 mm (3.5 in) sides and roofs, and 80 mm (3.1 in) rears, atop 120 mm (4.7 in) barbettes. Unfortunately the original source is not available anymore but we will try to republish them all! Apr 4, 2016 - To go directly to photos of a specific ship, simply enter her name in the search window (little white space) at the upper left. [22], The ships received relatively minor modifications in their short careers; both ships received a funnel cap to reduce smoke interference with the command tower in 1938. Wary of another naval arms race similar to the Anglo-German race that was seen as contributing to the start of World War I, the world's major navies held the Washington Naval Conference in 1921 to discuss controls on battleship construction, both to limit their size and armament but also to limit the number of ships that could be built. The 15 in (381 mm) guns of the British ships quickly inflicting serious damage on Dunkerque and the old battleships Bretagne and Provence. The guns fired a 570 kg (1,260 lb) shell at a muzzle velocity of 870 m/s (2,900 ft/s); the shells featured a relatively large bursting charge for their size, reflective of the fact that the Dunkerques were intended to fight the relatively lightly-armoured Deutschlands. Under threat of capture the Fleet was scuttled. Due to the high cost of building and maintenance, most were eventually decommissioned. The ships were sent to the Mediterranean in early 1940 as the threat of war with Italy increased; the French hoped to use the show of force to deter Italy from entering the war. hi everyone thanks for the big 1000 you guys are awesome so here is me sinking the French battleship Strasbourg here is a bit about her. She was launched on 2 October 1935 and towed to Laninon graving dock number 8, where the bow was fitted. Découvrez vos propres épingles sur Pinterest et enregistrez-les. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Maximum displacement of any new battleship was restricted to 35,000 long tons (36,000 t) at standard displacement. [16], Close-range antiaircraft defence was provided by a battery of ten 37 mm (1.5 in) guns in twin mounts for Dunkerque and eight such guns for Strasbourg, along with thirty-two 13.2 mm (0.52 in) machine guns in quadruple mounts for Dunkerque and thirty-six guns for Strasbourg. [11] They were the first dual-purpose guns of the French Navy. For Dunkerque, her forward turret had a 345 mm (13.6 in) rear plate and her superfiring turret had a 335 mm (13.2 in) rear; Strasbourg had 352 mm (13.9 in) and 342 mm (13.5 in) plates, respectively. The wreck was not meant to be in that area, so it was difficult to identify what we had found. 55 km/h). Both ships ended up at Toulon when France fell to the Germans and the Vichy government was established. [11][12], The ships were powered by four sets of Parsons geared steam turbines driving four 3-bladed screws for Dunkerque and 4-bladed screws for Strasbourg. French Battleship Dunkerque. De bemanning bestond uit maximaal 1381 koppen. Their belt armour was 225 mm (8.9 in) thick amidships for Dunkerque and 283 mm (11.1 in) for Strasbourg, backed by 60 mm (2.4 in) of teak for both ships, extending from the forward 330 mm magazine to the aft 130 mm magazine. https://nl.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dunkerque_(schip,_1937)&oldid=55963049, Frans marineschip in de Tweede Wereldoorlog, Wikipedia:Lokale afbeelding gelijk aan Wikidata, Creative Commons Naamsvermelding/Gelijk delen, Mediabestanden die bij dit onderwerp horen, zijn te vinden op de pagina. 8 kanonnen van 47 mm (4 x 2) The lower deck was 40 mm (1.6 in) thick, with sloping sides that connected to the lower edge of the belt; for Strasbourg, the sloped sides were increased to 50 mm (2 in). The Dunkerque class battleship was a type of warship constructed for the French Navy in the 1930s.. The Dunkerque was a French fast battleship launched in 1935 and together with her twin Strasbourg she was intended to counter the threat posed by heavy cruisers armed with 203-millimeter cannons and the "pocket battleships" of the Deutschland class, armed with 280-millimeter cannons. In 1937 begon men met de bouw van het Japanse slagschip Yamato (Japans: 大和).Het was tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog een slagschip van de Keizerlijke Japanse marine en werd in 1941 in het grootste geheim te water gelaten in de dokken van Kure.De Yamato is vernoemd naar de oude Japanse provincie Yamato.Het schip was samen met zusterschip Musashi het zwaarste … Dunkerque was the lead ship of the Dunkerque class of battleships built for the French Navy in the 1930s. The wreck of a German warship torpedoed and sunk by a British submarine in 1940 has been discovered in deep water off the North Sea coast of southern Norway. Early tests with the set indicated a detection range of 50 km (31 mi). The Scheer is reduced to a flaming wreck, and Gensoul is gallant in rendering assistance to the crew after the battle. French battleship Dunkerque. Dit hielp om de lengte van de hoofdpantsergordel beperkt te houden. "This will be fun! The Dunkerque is rendering assistnace, and sights the Scheer. Shortages of funding, both for the ships themselves and the necessary improvements to shipyards and harbour facilities to build and operate the vessels ended the proposals. These original to scale drawings of French warships were released into the public domain by the French Ministère de la Défense in 2009! Dunkerque was destroyed in drydock and declared a total loss. We hope you enjoy our content. Their rate of fire was 10 to 12 shells per minute. battlecruiser. By this time, Germany had finally begun building the first of the Deutschlands; this led to renewed concerns over the level of armour protection, which was still too thin to defeat the German 283 mm gun. New design studies were prepared in 1926–1927, resulting in several proposals in 1928 for a 36,000-long-ton (37,000 t) design. The two ships had relatively short careers; completed just before the outbreak of World War II, they served briefly with the Atlantic Squadron in the late 1930s, and Dunkerque made several visits abroad, including to French West Africa in 1938 and visits to Britain in 1937 and 1939. They then began breaking up both vessels, but after the Italian surrender in September 1943, the Germans reasserted control over the port. The guns were carried in individual cradles that allowed for limited independent operation, and the guns could be loaded at any angle, though the crews typically returned them to 15 degrees to reduce the likelihood of the shells becoming jammed, a problem that could occur when the guns were at high angles of elevation and other guns in the same turret were fired. [32][33], Repair work began almost immediately on Dunkerque, with a view toward restoring the ship to seaworthy condition so she could be returned to Toulon for drydocking and permanent repairs. Atop the forward director were a pair of directors for the secondary guns, the first with a 6 m (19 ft 8 in) rangefinder and the top unit with a 5 m (16 ft 5 in) rangefinder. After Gensoul rejected their demands, the British opened fire. In addition, a rubber-based compound referred to as ébonite mousse was used to help absorb the impact and control flooding in critical areas. Toch maakte Frankrijk pas na 1930 gebruik van deze optie. Dunkerque was destroyed in drydock and declared a total loss. Discovery. Character Dunkerque Object battleship Dunkerque class began as an answer to the increasing gap in performance and ability of capital ships available to the French navy in the 1930s. If you do too, please consider becoming a supporter. To prevent the explosion of a mine below the hull from breaching the ammunition magazines, the bottoms of the magazines were raised above the double bottom, and they were protected by 30 mm plates. Both the Germans and Italians attempted scrapping operations and the wreck was further damaged by Allied bomber attacks. The ships' electrical systems were powered by four 900 kW (1,200 hp) turbo generators, with two per engine room, with backup power for critical systems provided by two 100 kW (130 hp) diesel generators located below the tower. De geschuttorens waren voorzien van 152 mm tot 330 mm pantser en de brug van 159 mm tot 267 mm. The improved armour layout not only rendered the ships immune to 283 mm fire at expected battle ranges, but it was also capable of defeating the 305 mm guns of the older Italian battleships still in service. The belt was capped on either end by transverse armoured bulkheads; the forward bulkheads were 210 mm (8.3 in) for Dunkerque and 228 mm (9 in) for Strasbourg, and the aft bulkheads were 180 mm (7.1 in) and 210 mm, respectively. Find the perfect battleship dunkerque stock photo. Visually, it bore a profile strikingly similar to the final Dunkerque. Dunkerque was the lead ship of the Dunkerque class of battleships built for the French Navy in the 1930s. [16] The next day, Dunkerque sortied to take part in maneuvers with the Atlantic Squadron off the Brittany coast; another stint in the shipyard for repairs followed from 17 March to 3 April. 10 kanonnen van 37 mm (5 x 2) Sea trials were carried out, starting on 18 April 1936, before the superstructure was complete. [37], Following Operation Torch, the Allied invasion of French North Africa on 8 November, Germany launched Case Anton in retaliation, moving to seize all of the so-called "Zone libre", the part of Vichy France that had up to that point remained unoccupied. The unit was then split to increase the chances of finding the German cruisers, with Dunkerque operating out of Brest, France, with the aircraft carrier Béarn while Strasbourg moved south to Dakar in French West Africa in company with the British carrier HMS Hermes. Dunkerque was at that time still incomplete in the drydock, so she was set on fire, damaged by demolition charges, and then flooded in the drydock when the locks were opened. Get the latest news and developments here and play for free! Omdat men niet gebruikmaakte van de maximaal toegestane bepalingen (ter zake een standaardwaterverplaatsing van 35.000 ton) moeten deze schepen vooral gezien worden als een reactie op de Duitse pantserschepen van de Deutschlandklasse, die ze zowel in snelheid en slagkracht als in bepantsering overtroffen. Their hulks, which were bombed by American aircraft in 1944, were eventually sold for scrap in the 1950s. Table of Contents (Click to Skip): The Dunkerque is a unique T6 battleship due to it's bow forward configuration of it's guns and quad gun turrets. The German raiders were still in the North Sea, however, and so after meeting a French passenger liner, the Force de Raid returned to port. Shortly thereafter, Strasbourg was commissioned to begin working up, but the increasingly unstable international situation in Europe forced the French to rush the ship through trials; Strasbourg got little more than six months of testing and training before entering service, compared to more than two years for Dunkerque. Strasbourg was the second and final member of the Dunkerque class of fast battleships built for the French Navy in the 1930s. The 1:350 Model Kit of a French Navy Dunkerque Battleship. Watch Queue Queue. BRETAGNE BATTLESHIP 1913-1940 - WRECK WRAK EPAVE WRACK PECIO ... Several of the French Navy's main warships, including battleships Richelieu and Dunkerque, were built at … Those hits led to a secondary explosion of that vessel's depth charges that amounted to an equivalent of eight aerial torpedoes, which caused extensive damage to Dunkerque's hull. Volgens het Verdrag van Washington uit 1922 was het Frankrijk toegestaan twee nieuwe slagschepen te bouwen gedurende de verdragsperiode, daar waar de andere partijen (Verenigde Staten, het Verenigd Koninkrijk, Italië en Japan) een bouwstop van 10 jaar overeen waren gekomen. The directors were used to gather range, bearing, and inclination data, which was then sent to a central control station below the armour decks; there, plotting tables and analog computers were used to calculate firing solutions for the guns. Dunkerque and her sister Strasbourg were among the few battleships equipped with two superimposed quadruple turrets, in this case housing 13″ guns. Dunkerque was the lead ship of the Dunkerque class of battleships built for the French Navy in the 1930s. [15], The ships' secondary armament consisted of sixteen 130 mm (5.1 in) 45-cal. A third director for the secondary battery was mounted on the roof of the aft main director, also with a 6 m rangefinder. Since the available dry docks and slipways were too short, the hulls had to be built in two parts. The Italian announcement in May 1934 that they would begin building new 35,000-ton battleships armed with 381 mm (15 in) guns threatened to throw French plans into disarray, since these ships would be vastly superior to the Dunkerque design, but the first French ship had already been laid down and it was too late to redesign the second vessel, Strasbourg, in response. "The stern and centre of the ship were in pristine condition, but from the bridge forward it … Unaware that Germany had no intention of seizing the ships, the British sent Force H to sink the ships; Dunkerque was damaged in the Attack on Mers-el-Kébir in July, but Strasbourg escaped to Toulon, where she became the flagship of the Forces de haute mer (High Seas Forces). Strasbourg was slightly heavier, at 27,300 long tons (27,700 t) standard, 31,070 long tons (31,570 t) normally, and 35,810 long tons (36,380 t) at full load, with the difference being the result of increased armour protection. Draft for Dunkerque measured 8.57 m (28.1 ft) normally and increased to 9.71 m (31.9 ft) at full load, and Strasbourg drew 8.73 m (28.6 ft) at normal loading and 9.89 m (32.4 ft) at full load. Dunkerque … For the prescribed displacement, four such vessels could be built in the allotted 70,000 tons. Dunkerque was laid down in the Brest Navy Yard, on 24 December 1932, in the Salou graving dock number 4. In November, Dunkerque joined the battlecruiser HMS Hood to hunt for the German battleships Scharnhorst and Gneisenau, but they were unable to locate the German vessels. [27][28], With the outbreak of war in early September, the Force de Raid, under the command of Vice-amiral d'Escadre (Squadron Vice Admiral) Marcel-Bruno Gensoul, went to sea when reports indicated that the German Deutschland-class cruisers had sortied to attack Allied shipping. 32 mitrailleurs van 13,2 mm, 30 mm (anti-torpedo schotten) Two of the 13.2 mm mounts were located on the upper deck on either side of the command tower, four were arranged around the upper deck further aft, and the remaining two were placed on the aft superstructure. Dunkerque was laid down in the Arsenal de Brest, on 24 December 1932, in the Salou graving dock number 4. 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