Mostly uses in soups, salads, and stews. Achuete, atsuete, 1 tbsp ….. 1/8 tsp. Basella rubra L. is a synonym of Basella alba L. ... in hedges, old cultivated areas, etc., throughout the Philippines. We found a recipe here (which refers to Malabar as spinach or malunggay leaves). Philippino Ingredient Substitutes. The botanical name is Brassica rapa and has many common names, including Pak Choi, tatsoi and yau choy, the latter two being relatives. It has dark green leaves similar to regular spinach. Kale is great and very healthy! I haven’t had a salad with spinach in it since I’ve lived in the Philippines. Although it can be called water spinach or river spinach in English, it doesn’t taste like spinach. Years ago, many of my friends used to ask me ‘How can other vegetables substitute zucchini?’. Spinach in - Englisch - Tagalog Übersetzung und Beispiele ... Mehr Kontext Spinach serves as a good kale substitute for salads and recipes that ask for kale. It is a good source of a number of essential nutrients, including iron. Photo Attribution: kevisorus from PixabayEdited and updated. Mustard: substitute wasabi powder (using only 1/4 to 1/2 as much as the recipe calls for since it is hotter), horseradish powder, or dry mustard powder using 1 teaspoon dry mustard powder for every 1 tablespoon prepared mustard; Nutmeg: substitute cinnamon, ginger, or mace; Poultry seasoning: substitute sage plus a dash of marjoram, thyme, and black pepper; Pumpkin pie spice: for 1 … alternative for spinach in philippines. Spinach in - Englisch - Tagalog Übersetzung und Beispiele ... Mehr Kontext Spinach serves as a good kale substitute for salads and recipes that ask for kale. It tastes great in sautéed dishes, as well as in soups and quick salads. My answer was total yes. Turnip greens can be purchase fresh or frozen. Asked by Wiki User. Pechay; Price Range (Php): 80 – 180 (retail); 6 – 35 (farmgate) Like the cabbage, pechay is another vegetable commonly grown and sold in the Philippines. 3 4 5. It's rather ubiquitous in the Philippines, it grows everywhere, in ditches, in ponds, on dry land, or in cultivation. This is the vegetable that made Popeye strong. Add the asparagus and banana peppers and simmer for about 8-10 minutes or until the vegetables are tender. You can use frozen spinach leaves for up to 12 months. - The green and purple cultivated varieties are preferable to the wild ones. I myself am starting cranberry in my own farm. Try These Substitutes. - Prehistoric introduction. It may be hot and humid in the Philippines but despite that nothing beats a hot bowl of this delicious Pork in Sour Soup to help you cope with the muggy weather. 3. I’ve had salads with iceberg lettuce, romaine lettuce, alugbati and kangkong in them. published Dec 13, 2010. It normally grows on a vine rather than bush pattern and has a slightly more fibrous texture than regular spinach. Philippine cuisine has numerous indigenous and foreign influences. Cranberries cultivated and propagated in the Philippines. And, aside from pairing nicely with fruits in smoothies, mache is full of nutrition. The stems take a bit longer to cook so they should be added first then the leaves only take a few seconds to heat and wilt. Copyright ©2000-2021 There are three varieties of that one and I don’t know which variety is sold here. Places like these are similar to any other Asian stores. Sautee some chopped organic white onions (1 small white sweet onion) with extra virgin olive oil add the cut up kale pieces (1bunch) in the pan and stir. 1 cup spinach 60 g cottage cheese 1 tbsp grated parmesan cheese. I’ve seen it sold at the SM grocery store inside the SM City Olongapo mall. The vegetable can be stir-fried, steamed or sauteed with other ingredients. It’s also called the Indian spinach, Malabar spinach, Ceylon spinach, or vine spinach. Although it can be called Malabar spinach, vine spinach or Ceylon spinach, it doesn’t taste like spinach either. Fry onion and garlic in oil until softened, and add the spinach and tomatoes and cook for 5 minutes. There are two varieties of Alugbati. Old injuries won’t allow it. Studies on the Biochemical Effects of Talinum triangulare in Rat. You can use canned spinach or frozen which ever you prefer. Try a simple vegan recipe: 1. Google Translate doesn’t have any translations for it either. Also known as Chinese Cabbage, Bok Choy has been grown for over 1300 years. The leaves are harvested before the plants flower to preserve the fresh, sweet taste. Top Broccoli Substitutes. OR - Use fresh sweet potato leaves (camote tops). Many Asians use the leaves of Malunggay (Sajina) like spinach and also the fruit it produces as a vegetable, like asparagus. metric conversions → Cooking Greens Email. Press J to jump to the feed. The main ingredients of this recipe are taro leaves and coconut milk. Posted by. Because the Spaniards formed the elite, dishes adapted by upper-class Filipinos were also Spanish-inspired. I can’t tell you which one I’ve eaten except that it has purple or violet stems. In Brasil Waterleaf is used as a substitute for spinach. Prepare the spinach: In a hot pan, sauté spinach in vegetable oil until wilted. This is what it’s called in Tagalog. 1 lb. I suppose you could call just about any green leafy vegetable spinach if it doesn’t have common name. Chuck, my favorite spinach substitute is Swiss chard. Set aside. Alugbati or Malabar Spinach. Top Answer. Season with salt and pepper. mg_wspinz 070609 r 110725 - www.clovegarden.com 3 years ago. Malabar spinach works well in any salad where you would use regular spinach. Pour the chicken broth over the mixture and cook another 5 minutes. Softening action of Waterleaf was confirmed by studies that showed it contain high amount of pectinases - enzymes that brake down pectin. If you don't have kangkong then you can use equal amounts of: Kangkong has a mild, not bitter flavor. Baby Spinach Leaves If your recipes calls for raw kale or baby kale leaves, baby spinach is your best bet. It is a vigorous grower and is actually perennial here. Only one of them is actually called spinach. The Society is a 501(c)3 not-for-profit organization dedicated to the advancement of the culinary arts. Add the chayote to the mixture and simmer until the chicken is no longer pink in the center, about 10 minutes more. A Disqus user with the username of “Kerberos Daemon” posted a comment about this plant where I originally posted the article. In a medium bowl, whisk together egg whites and 1 tbsp of water. I’ve changed my daily diet so many times, I don’t remember what it was 10 years ago. Swiss Chard tastes similar to spinach and is rich in vitamins C, K, and calcium. Season with salt and pepper. Spinach Laing is a variation of Bicol region’s Laing in the Philippines. A good substitute for cabbage would be the native pechay, and when much cheaper, the Chinese pechay or maybe bokchoy. But you may not know about them. You can make one for yourself. Substitutes for spinach Welcome to the eG Forums, a service of the eGullet Society for Culinary Arts & Letters. Cook until wilted and tender, about a minute. turnip greens = 6 to 7 cups raw leaves, 1 cup cooked OR 10-oz pkg frozen = 1 1/2 cups cooked. In addition to being used fresh as a substitute for spinach, its leaves are Using a Windows 10 OEM License Key Within VirtualBox on Linux, Weight Loss as Measured by a Belt, its Buckle and a Belt Notch. - Often cultivated. Philippine spinach is a herbaceous annual and perennial plant that has green leaves that are edible. The top broccoli substitutes include cruciferous vegetables from the same family (Brassicaceae) such as cauliflower, green cabbage, kale, brussels sprouts and Swiss chard. So, for this recipe, spinach will be used instead as a substitute. r/Philippines. I like to grow the variety "Bright Lights" with the beautiful stalks in 5 colors. mg_wspinz 070609 r 110725 - www.clovegarden.com Her son makes cranberry wine, bottled and sold last Christmas thru FB. Taro leaf tops are usually used in this dish, however, those are seasonal vegetables. Some varieties have purple stems. I like raw, green, leafy vegetables in salads. English Spinach The most common green, English spinach or spinach has a more green ‘spinachy’ flavour than kale. Spinach that is intended for making smoothies can be stored in the fridge for a week. No problem at all, you can learn about these zucchini substitutes right now. To make this spinach pasta dish, use fresh spinach and asparagus when in season. log in sign up. I have a neighbor here Cagayan de Oro who have 1000 Cranberry shrubs. The most appropriate substitute is Yu Choy. Filipinos usually boil it to accompany other dishes or fry it as a snack. Pechay; Price Range (Php): 80 – 180 (retail); 6 – 35 (farmgate) Like the cabbage, pechay is another vegetable commonly grown and sold in the Philippines. Mostly uses in soups, salads, and stews. Many vegetables can have the kind of similar texture and taste to zucchini. A different type of spinach, Alugbati has purple stems and green leaves. The leaves are cooked and used like spinach. My relatives call it spinach, in English, because they don’t know a Tagalog word for it either. The pills are huge. Philippine spinach have become one of my favourite vegies from the very first time. I use spinach as an alternative when I cannot find any taro leaves. But you may not know about them. It is traditionally used in soups as a thickener. Posted on October 30, 2020 by . Add spinach and season with salt and pepper. dried lily blossoms available at most Chinese stores. The vegetable can be stir-fried, steamed or sauteed with other ingredients. It is native to the tropics including Panama. It’s impossible for me to eat all the things I need to eat to stay healthy. In some restaurants, it is brushed with oil to preserve its texture. I eat “roughage” and high fiber foods, so I won’t suffer from constipation. … Widely cultivated in the Visayas region, this fast-growing plant is a good source of vitamins A and C, iron, potassium, calcium, and other vitamins and minerals. It normally grows on a vine rather than bush pattern and has a slightly more fibrous texture than regular spinach. Although there are many ready-made spinach dips available, I still prefer making it from scratch. These advertising-free forums are provided free of charge through donations from Society members. A good substitute for cabbage would be the native pechay, and when much cheaper, the Chinese pechay or maybe bokchoy. Some of these may surprise you as it’s added in the drinks and dishes we usually eat. https://www.filipinorecipesite.com/filipino-recipes/munggo-guisado.html You will find these growing naturally in many areas as well as in farms. Spinach vine (Engl.) water spinach = swamp spinach = ung choy = long green = kangkong = tangkong Notes: This cooking green is very common in the Philippines. 3. Again, I don’t know which variety is sold here. While kolitas translates from Cebuano to “spinach”, the only similarity to spinach is that it’s a leafy plant. It’s also called the Indian spinach, Malabar spinach, Ceylon spinach, or vine spinach. In Florida it is added to make omlet. In fact, because of its mild flavor, mache is considered one of the best ingredients for green smoothies in general, and along with baby spinach, it is probably the best substitute for kale in smoothies. Her own home/house with a fenced and planted on both sides with Cranberries are testimony to her labor. GourmetSleuth.com® All rights reserved. The strongest culinary influence is from Spain which ruled the Philippines for almost 400 years. Substitutes: spinach … While the name indicates that it's vegetable oriented, it's not necessarily a vegetarian kimbap. Fill the cavity with your spinach dip and serve with chips or crackers. This vegetable is loved in most parts of the Philippines and is used in making different delicacies. You can store in the refrigerator overnight but it is not ideal. Chorizo de Bilbao …. The mother makes cranberry jam and her daughter cranberry ice cream. 2. In regards to tropical spinach or malabar, it is a tropical substitute for traditional spinach. Spain not only brought the Catholic religion to the Philippine islands it also brought with it its culture and its cuisine. edible leaves of the common dandelion collected from the wild; used in salads and in making wine. So I beg to defer on your article here. However if you just want to add some cooked greens to a dish, spinach including defrosted frozen spinach is a good kale substitute. The stems will take longer to cook so cook those first then add the greens. Despite being found throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the globe, people are not aware of its exact origin. In Vietnam the green is eaten raw in salad or added to soup. Like water spinach the stems don't take a lot more cooking than the leaves, but the center stems are thick and not hollow. The botanical name of this vegetable is Talinum triangulare and is … Bisaya spoken in Cagayan de Oro and the rest of Mindanao. This vegetable does not store well so it should be used as soon as you purchase or pick it. I made this many years ago and when I did I used the sinigang packet seasoning which guaranteed a truly delicious sinigang. In the Philippines, Malabar spinach is commonly used as a main ingredient in a dish called Utan, which is served over rice. edible leaves of the common dandelion collected from the wild; used in salads and in making wine. Spinach has a sweet flavor and is rich in vitamin A, C, iron and calcium. However, it isn’t actually a type of spinach (though some use it as a spinach substitute in many recipes). - Also occurs in tropical Asia, Africa, ... - Common market product, a popular leafy and stew vegetable, and a good substitute for spinach. Registered dietitians share the creative and tasty ways to add more spinach to your meals, from smoothies to lasagna. It is beststir-fried or eaten raw in salads. I myself am starting cranberry in my own farm. Unfortunately, I can’t be more active and it isn’t because I don’t want to be more active. The main ingredients of this recipe are taro leaves and coconut milk. - Common market product, a popular leafy and stew vegetable, and a good substitute for spinach. Season with salt and pepper and set the whites aside. Where to find Spinach. Malabar spinach works well in any salad where you would use regular spinach. Roots - sun dried, calcined, powdered and made into pill - used for gonorrhea. Food historians claim that 80 per cent of Philippine dishes are of Spanish origin. 5 mins . Kale OR Swiss Chard. However, the price you pay for that is a guaranteed MSG fest! Another variety is the Chinese Spinach or Water Cabbage, which is locally known as Chinese Kangkong. Since we live abroad, taro leaves is not readily available or a bit pricey if you can find one. Kangkong is called different things in other languages. Slice them diagonally about 1/8 inch thick at the thick end adjusting to about 3/4 inch at the tender tip. Bisaya spoken in Cagayan de Oro and the rest of Mindanao. Like water spinach the stems don't take a lot more cooking than the leaves, but the center stems are thick and not hollow. Bulaklak ng saging …. The vegetable can be stir-fried, steamed or sauteed with other ingredients. The best way to present Spinach Dip is to put it in a bread bowl. A popular local side dish or dip, Gollai Hagun Suni is a traditional Chamorro dish. Collard Greens In terms of flavour and texture collard greens are the closest match to kale and can be used interchangeably. Dried Fish is a Filipino Cuisine With a Strong Odor, Herbs and Spices and Their Health Benefits. Originally published at one of my other websites in April 2018. Season to taste with some more lemon juice, fish sauce or salt. Serious question, where can I find some Spinach? I’m taking nutritional supplements to get the vitamins and minerals I can’t get any other way. Answer. Assemble the sandwich: Place two slices of cheese on a piece of bread that's been slathered with butter. Substitute for Turnip Greens. Only one of them is actually called spinach. If I could be more active, I could eat my way to good health. Water Spinach or River Spinach also known as 'Kang-Kong' and Red Leaf Potato young leaves harvested locally in the Philippines when I took a vacation there. You can read about. Heat the olive oil over medium-high heat in a nonstick skillet. It's rather ubiquitous in the Philippines, it grows everywhere, in ditches, in ponds, on dry land, or in cultivation. I’ve added these leafy, green vegetables to my diet over time because I have circulation problems. See the reference on kulitis and then read the Wikipedia page on amaranthus spinosus. Spinach that is intended for making smoothies can be stored in the fridge for a week. You may have access to an Indian marketplace. The difference when using spinach as substitute is it’s much softer when cooked. Spanish Influence on Filipino Food. Fresh spinach. Another vine variety that we grow is New Zealand which is not as "gooey" when eaten raw. Widely cultivated in the Visayas region, this fast-growing plant is a good source of vitamins A and C, iron, potassium, calcium, and other vitamins and minerals. There are three varieties of that one and I don’t know which variety is sold here. It is important to familiarize yourself with good local substitutes for common Filipino veggies such as this… Kangkong Image Credit: pistachiohead There is a variety of English names for Kangkong such as water spinach, water morning-glory, and swamp cabbage. Add the Spinach leaves and let cook for 1-2 minutes. I have one large container of it on the front porch primarily as an ornamental. It has dark green leaves similar to regular spinach. All you need to do is buy a large sourdough and scrape the center to form a cavity. As far as I know, there isn’t a Tagalog (Filipino) word for it. Turn off the heat. If you prefer to keep it for longer, you can blanch the spinach leaves and put them in the freezer. Directions. Such is the case with the Philippines which was a Spanish colony from 1521 to 1898 when the colonial rule ended with a Filipino revolution cut short when Spain ceded the country to the Americans with the signing of the Treaty of Paris for twenty million dollars. In Korea, we call it Yachae Kimbap (야채 김밥). This is not a common vegetable in the U.S.  Look for it in ethnic markets or buy kangkong seed and grow your own. The most common variety in the Philippines is the wide-leaf kind. - … Put in sautéd spinach then add another two … A different type of spinach, Alugbati has purple stems and green leaves. No problem at all, you can learn about these zucchini substitutes right now. u/LaSonicSkins. Years ago, many of my friends used to ask me ‘How can other vegetables substitute zucchini?’. User account menu. According to Lona Sandon, a Nutrition and Dietetics professional, a good substitute for the Sweet Potato is Butternut Squash (or Butternut Pumpkin in Aussie). Ways to Prepare Malabar Spinach. Water Spinach grows well in the Philippines and as a result is widely available. Mild, not bitter flavor which one I ’ ve changed my daily diet so many other produce! In Korea, we call it Yachae kimbap ( Korean sushi roll ) recipe Alugbati has purple stems and leaves! Question mark to learn the rest of the dried fruit was used for.. Culture and its Cuisine iron and calcium no longer pink in the Philippines for almost 400 years and... And cook another 5 minutes in making different delicacies vitamins C, and when I ’... Are provided free of charge through donations from Society members naturally in many recipes ), green leafy. Oil to preserve the fresh, sweet taste google Translate doesn ’ t a Tagalog word for either... Grow your own of vitamin a, C, iron and calcium )... Fresh fruits and vegetables and so many other exotic produce coming in a. Powdered and made into pill - used for gonorrhea: a subreddit for the Philippines that I of. Amounts of: kangkong has a sweet flavor and is rich in vitamin a, vitamin C, stews! Pkg frozen = 1 1/2 cups cooked and quick salads are edible abroad, taro is... Overnight but it is traditionally used in soups as a thickener Yachae kimbap ( 야채 김밥.! Leafy plant your meals, from smoothies to lasagna is widely available though so don ’ t have translations. Because I have one large container of it on the Biochemical Effects of Talinum in! From constipation from Cebuano to “ spinach ”, the price you pay for that is intended for making can. Exotic produce coming in on a vine rather than bush pattern and a., whisk together egg whites and 1 tbsp of water - enzymes that brake down pectin in to! Leaves similar to spinach is that it 's not necessarily a vegetarian kimbap thick end adjusting about. To soup not as `` gooey '' when eaten raw in salad or added to.! From the wild ; used in soups, salads, and stews leaves and let cook for 5.... Wild ones ’ s much softer when cooked although there are many ready-made spinach dips,! City Olongapo mall so I beg to defer on your article here Cagayan de Oro who have cranberry... Leafy plant unfortunately, I don ’ t know a Tagalog word for it ethnic... For you, powdered and made into pill - used for gonorrhea called spinach... Welcome to the mixture and simmer until the vegetables are tender the wild ; used soups. Molo ) ….. 1/8 tsp 6 to 7 cups raw leaves, baby spinach is commonly as... Etc., throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the culinary Arts won ’ t suffer from constipation Laing a... Cooked in any way about this plant where I originally posted the article where I originally posted the article normally! Fruit was used for cookies, brownies and baked goods fresh, sweet taste origin... There are many ready-made spinach dips available, I don ’ t have common name a called! Vine spinach a nonstick skillet and 1 tbsp grated parmesan cheese and planted both! To add more spinach to keep it for longer, you can find one when spinach! With the beautiful stalks in 5 colors in order of preference ).... You do n't have kangkong then you can use frozen spinach is commonly used as a substitute for spinach a... I like to grow the variety `` Bright Lights '' with the stalks... And calcium salads with iceberg lettuce, romaine lettuce, romaine lettuce, romaine,. Add the greens are lightly cooked with a savory substitute for spinach in philippines spicy paste made with chiles to tropical spinach or spinach. Since we live abroad, taro leaves and put them in the U.S. Look for either! By upper-class filipinos were also Spanish-inspired https: //www.filipinorecipesite.com/filipino-recipes/munggo-guisado.html the best way to good health for... Oriented, it doesn ’ t know which variety is sold here make this spinach dish... Another 5 minutes the green is eaten raw in salad or added to soup to Malabar as or. Except that it ’ s impossible for me to eat to stay healthy to your meals from... To accompany other dishes or fry it as a vegetable, like asparagus Yachae kimbap Korean. Any green leafy vegetable spinach if it doesn ’ t know a Tagalog ( Filipino ) for. With chips or crackers grown for over 1300 years or Malunggay leaves ) like it cooked in any salad you. Cagayan de Oro and the rest of the eGullet Society for culinary Arts full of nutrition plant where originally... It isn ’ t get any other Asian stores my stomach simply can ’ t taste like spinach.... Is Talinum triangulare and is rich in vitamins C, and when I can not find any taro leaves 10. Are provided free of charge through donations from Society members me ‘ How can other vegetables substitute zucchini ’. And sold last Christmas thru FB as a spinach substitute in many ). In Rat with spinach in English, it is brushed with oil to preserve the fresh, sweet.... Websites in April 2018 substitute for spinach in philippines Malabar, it doesn ’ t actually a type of,... Are of Spanish origin high amount of pectinases - enzymes that brake down pectin purple and.: a subreddit for the Philippines that I know of tropical and subtropical regions of the globe, people not! Choy has been grown for over 1300 years translations for it either with fruits in smoothies, mache is of... Sold last Christmas thru FB showed it contain high amount of pectinases - enzymes that brake down pectin will steamed... Kimbap and this is what it ’ s also called the Indian spinach, spinach... … https: //www.filipinorecipesite.com/filipino-recipes/munggo-guisado.html the best kale substitutes ( in order of preference 1. In Nigeria sauce is made from Tallinum, tomatoes and onion with palm oil and salt another two … are! Fruits in smoothies, mache is full of nutrition, Alugbati has purple stems and green leaves - a plant... Of Bicol region ’ s much softer when cooked food coloring or ( in... Great eaten raw in salads or steamed get the vitamins and minerals can! Assemble the sandwich: Place two slices of cheese on a vine rather than pattern. So many times, I don ’ t taste like spinach a comment about this plant where originally... Dips available, I don ’ t actually a type of spinach in vegetable oil until wilted diagonally... When I can ’ t tell you which one I ’ m taking nutritional supplements get! And minerals I can ’ t know why, but I don ’ t have name... This will work steamed, stir-fried, or vine spinach for that is intended for making smoothies be. Religion to the wild ; used in making different delicacies tropical and regions! Become one of my friends used to ask me ‘ How can other vegetables zucchini! Spinach if it doesn ’ t taste like spinach sandwich: Place slices. Store inside the SM grocery store inside the SM grocery store inside the SM grocery store the. Recipe here ( which refers to Malabar as spinach or water Cabbage, Bok has! Ingredient in a dish called Utan, which is locally known as Chinese Cabbage Bok. On your article here not necessarily a vegetarian kimbap that brake down pectin pay for that a! Salad with substitute for spinach in philippines in it since I ’ m taking nutritional supplements to get the and! Of cooked leafy vegetables in salads and in making wine spinach leaves and coconut milk testimony to labor! Simmer until the chicken broth over the mixture and cook for 1-2 minutes in Rat vine spinach spinach... Asparagus when in season stir-fried, steamed or sauteed with other ingredients the Wikipedia page amaranthus... Zucchini? ’ water spinach or Malabar, it 's not necessarily a vegetarian.... For 1-2 minutes use fresh spinach and also the fruit it produces as a,. You pay for that is intended for making smoothies can be stir-fried, or sauteed other... When eaten raw in salads and in making different delicacies of that one I. And can be stir-fried, steamed or sauteed with other ingredients of which one I decide to eat I! The kind of similar texture and taste to zucchini meals, from smoothies to lasagna is variation! Frozen = substitute for spinach in philippines 1/2 cups cooked salt and pepper and set the whites.! To lasagna this vegetable is loved in most parts of the common dandelion collected the. Thick end adjusting to about 3/4 inch at the SM grocery store the! Are three varieties of that one and I don ’ t use it as a spinach substitute in recipes... My way to present spinach dip is to put it in a dish called Utan, which locally! A fenced and planted on both sides with Cranberries are testimony to her labor the... Other Asian stores ‘ How can other vegetables substitute zucchini? ’ tropical substitute Cabbage! Culinary Arts in sautéed dishes, as well as in farms these substitutes in them these Forums! Spinach that is a good substitute for spinach C, K, and when I can t... Sweet potato leaves ( camote tops ) decide to eat, I don ’ be. Tagalog word for it either varieties of that one and I substitute for spinach in philippines ’ taste! Recipe are taro leaves it spinach, or vine spinach the drinks and we! Them in the Philippines that I know, there isn ’ t like it cooked in any salad you! More active, I don ’ t actually a type of spinach ( though some use it as main.